A security consultant design and implement the strongest possible security solutions based on the needs and threats facing an individual company, and day-to-day tasks may vary widely. A security consultant might determine the most effective way to protect computers, networks, software, data, and information systems against attacks, perform vulnerability testing and risk analyses, test security solutions, respond to any incidents, and update security systems as needed, depending on the terms of their contract.
The chief information security officer (CISO) is the leader of all security initiatives in a company. While these tech professionals were traditionally seen as security enforcers, they are now often considered strategists helping the enterprise avoid cybercrime. CISOs typically appoint and guide a team of security experts, create a strategic plan for the deployment of information security technologies and programs, develop corporate security policies, and monitor security vulnerabilities, among a number of other tasks.
Security Engineers are intermediate-level positions that build and maintain IT security solutions for a company. These professionals develop security for the organization’s systems and projects and also handle any technical problems that arise. Security engineers are often responsible for configuring and installing firewalls and intrusion detection systems, performing vulnerability testing, developing automation scripts to track incidents, and testing security solutions.
A Computer Forensics Expert acts as a digital detective, accessing and analyzing evidence from computers, networks, and data storage devices. On a day-to-day basis, this role involves conducting security incident investigations, recovering and examining data from devices, compiling evidence for legal cases, and advising law enforcement on the credibility of acquired data. These experts often work for large corporations, law enforcement agencies, legal firms, private consulting firms, and the government.
Penetration Testers, also know as ethical hackers, are responsible for legally hacking into an organization’s applications, networks, and systems to discover and later patch security vulnerabilities. This role involves creating and performing formal penetration tests, conducting physical security assessments of servers, systems, and network devices, using social engineering to discover security flaws, and incorporating business considerations into security strategies.
A Security Analyst detects and prevents cyberthreats for a company. This might involve planning, implementing, and upgrading security measures and controls, performing risk analyses, conducting internal and external security audits, managing network, intrusion detection, and prevention systems, and coordinating security plans with third party vendors.
A Security Auditor is a mid-level role responsible for examining the safety and effectiveness of company computer systems and their security components, and then issuing a detailed report outlining the success of the system and any changes or improvements that could be made. These professionals plan, execute, and lead security audits across a company, evaluate the efficiency, effectiveness, and compliance of operational processes with corporate security policies and any government regulations, and develop and administer risk-focused exams for IT systems.